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Opinions on the implementation of some policies and measures for the western development (2)

opinions on the implementation of some policies and measures for the western development (2)

December 24, 2001

(VIII) the poverty alleviation funds of the central government are mainly used in the western poor areas. With the increase of the central financial resources, we will step by step increase the investment in poverty alleviation funds in western poverty-stricken areas and ethnic minority areas, mainly for infrastructure construction, planting and breeding, rural basic education and vocational and technical education, cultural and health undertakings and the promotion and training of advanced applicable technologies in poor villages

(IX) to implement the natural forest protection project, the state will provide support in arranging infrastructure investment, special financial subsidy funds, and subsidy funds for local financial revenue reduction. Infrastructure investment includes mountain closure for forest and grass cultivation, aerial seeding for

forest, artificial afforestation and subsidies for seedling facilities construction. The special financial subsidy funds include forest management and protection fees,

basic endowment insurance subsidies for state-owned forest industry enterprises, policy social expenditure subsidies, basic living security subsidies for laid-off workers and one-time resettlement subsidies for laid-off workers. For the part of local fiscal revenue affected by the implementation of natural forest protection project, the central government will give appropriate subsidies within a certain period of time. The bank debts of forest industry enterprises that are unable to repay due to the reduction of timber production are suspended first, and then on the basis of liquidation and verification, they are solved by writing off bad debts

(x) carry out pilot work of returning farmland to forests and grasslands. According to the standard of

subsidy of 150 kg per mu of returned farmland in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and 100 kg of grain (raw grain) per mu of returned farmland in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River, the main problem is that>

grain is provided to farmers who have returned farmland for a certain period of time. The price of grain subsidies (1.4 yuan per kg of raw grain

1.4 yuan) is borne by the central finance, and the transportation costs are borne by the local finance. At the same time, the state gives farmers who have returned farmland appropriate cash subsidies. The subsidy standard is calculated at 20 yuan per mu per year, and the required funds are borne by the central government; The state provides subsidies for planting seedlings to farmers returning farmland. The subsidy standard is calculated according to 50 yuan per mu of afforestation and grass planting area of returning farmland to forests and grasslands and barren mountains and wasteland suitable for forestry, and the required funds are arranged by the central infrastructure investment. For the part of local fiscal revenue affected by the implementation of returning farmland to forest and grassland, the central government will give appropriate subsidies within a certain period of time. In addition,

, cracks will become larger and larger, which greatly supports the work of sand prevention and control

(XI) in the process of implementing the rural tax and fee reform pilot, if the township financial difficulties caused by the reform cannot be overcome by itself, the central government will give appropriate subsidies in accordance with the standardized transfer payment method

v. increase financial credit support

(XII) increase credit investment in infrastructure construction in the western region. We will focus on supporting the construction of large and medium-sized transportation and energy projects such as railways, trunk lines, highways, electricity, oil, natural gas, etc. For infrastructure projects with large investment and long construction period, the loan period shall be appropriately extended according to the project construction cycle and loan repayment capacity. Among them, the loan term of national development banks for expressway projects can be relaxed to 18 years (including grace period, the same below) under the conditions that the proportion of project capital reaches 40% and unified borrowing and repayment; For hydropower projects, the loan period can be extended to 25 years; For the non hydropower projects of "west to East power transmission", if the loan amount exceeds 300million yuan, the loan term can generally be relaxed to 18 years, and the longest can be relaxed to 20 years; For urban infrastructure projects, the loan period can be relaxed to 10 years; For other infrastructure projects, the loan term can be extended to 15 years at most

(XIII) expand the scope of loans pledged by the usufruct or charging right of infrastructure projects. Continue to do a good job in the pledge loan business of rural power income right, carry out the pledge loan business of highway toll right, and create conditions to expand the scope of the pledge loan of toll right step by step to urban infrastructure projects such as urban water supply, heating, public transportation, telecommunications, etc. For water conservancy development projects and urban environmental protection projects (such as urban sewage treatment and garbage disposal, etc.) with a certain ability to repay the loan, explore and gradually start the business of issuing loans with the project usufruct or charging right as pledge

(XIV) increase and ensure the credit input of agricultural and ecological construction in other performances with high-standard distribution technology. We should provide credit support for the development of western characteristic agriculture, water-saving agriculture and ecological agriculture, and support a number of leading enterprises with development prospects and strong driving effect, with companies and farmers as the mode of operation. The Agricultural Bank of China and rural credit cooperatives should actively expand small loans to farmers and issue credit loans to those who have the ability to repay the loan. Selectively increase the loan

investment in ecological environment construction projects. Cooperate with the ecological environment construction projects such as returning farmland to forests and grasslands, closing mountains and greening, and increase credit for some projects that have the ability to repay loans, such as the development of fast-growing and high-yield timber forests, economic forests, wild vegetables, traditional Chinese medicine and individual nurseries.

(XV) use credit leverage to support the adjustment of economic structure and industrial structure. Support the development of Western advantageous industries such as power, natural gas,

tourism and the rational development of biological resources. For key projects with large loan amount, they can be solved by direct loan from the head office of commercial banks, and the loan will not be included in the deposit loan ratio or quota assessment scope of local branches. The Agricultural Bank of China head office will arrange the loan plan and funds for rural power transformation loans in the western region. At the same time, credit support should also be given to the technological transformation of enterprises, the development of high-tech enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises in the western region

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